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Maulana Shaukat Ali – A great freedom fighter

Maulana Shaukat Ali, a freedom fighter was born on March 10, 1873 in erstwhile Rampur state, now a district of Uttar Pradesh who proactively participated in the Khilafat Movement along with his younger brother Mohammad Ali Jouhar, another renowned leader. He was educated from Aligarh Muslim University, besides served in the Civil Service of the United Provinces of Awadh and Agra. Shaukat Ali was jailed (1919) for publishing alleged seditious materials as well as organizing protests against British Govt. He was again arrested and imprisoned (1919-1922) during Non-Cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi, besides attended first and second Round Table Conference in London in 1930 1931. He was also the part of Indian revolutionaries led by Sachidanand Sanyal and many times supplied weaponry to his colleagues while targeting Britishers/establishments.

He died on Nov. 26, 1938 in Karol Bagh, and was buried in the vicinity of the Jama Masjid, Delhi. The name of Shaukat Ali will always be preserved in the history of the Independence Movement, portraying a united Hindu-Muslim struggle against Britishers as well.

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One comment

  1. Mualana Shaukat Ali was an Indian Muslim nationalist and leader of the Khilafat movement. He was the brother of Mualana Mohammad Ali. He was born in 1873 in Rampur state in what today is Uttar Pradesh. Ali brothers were the prominent leader of Freedom Movement of Pakistan. Both were deeply interested in Islam. He was educated at the Aligarh Muslim University. He became the captain of cricket at Aligarh. From 1896-1913 Shaukat Ali served in the Provincial Civil service of United Provinces of Oudh and Agra. Shaukat Ali helped his brother Mohammad Ali publish the Urdu weekly Hamdard and the English weekly Comrade. In 1919, while jailed for publishing what the British charged as seditious materials and organizing protest, he was elected as the first president of Khilafat Conference. He was re-arrested and imprisoned from 1921 to 1923 for his support to Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress during the Non-Cooperation Movement (1919-1922). His fans accorded him and his brother the title of “Mualana”.

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