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Bakht Khan: The C-In-C of Revolutionary Army, 1857

Mohammad Bakht Khan, the commander-in-chief of Revolutionary Army and a relentless fighter was born in Sultanpur, Ayodhya, U.P. and became an idol of bravery, courage and sustenance for every Indian participated in Freedom struggle. After 40 years long association, he left Company’s forces to become Commander-in-chief of rebels, in the revolution under the Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar. He defeated Khan Bahadur Khan of Rohilkhand, and stooge of British. He is also known for initiating democratic reforms under the Greater Administrative Council, formulated the special constitutional policy and endeavored to iron out personal differences and rivalry among Indian potentates. He was of the view that it was not enough to drive away British from Delhi, they were to be eliminated from whole of the India as well.

Later he resigned from the post of C-in-C due to sqabbles among Nawabs/Chiefs jealous over his popularity among rebellions. Later, he fought several battles against East India forces and advised to escort the deposed Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar to Awadh in order to his safety and onward continuance of struggle, however the emperor did not heed to his advice and was ultimately arrested by British. Subsequently, he along with Begum Hazrat Mahal, continued their resistence against Britishers from jungles of Nepal, however due to non-cooperation of Nepali King, could not get success. Mohammad Bakht Khan died amid fighting relentlessly against Company forces, on 13th May, 1859.

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