Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan @Bacha Khan was born (February 06, 1890, at Khyber/Pakhtunwa) in a warrior family who had always been at war with Britishers. Social service and nationalism were in the blood of Badshah Khan, a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi, who named him as ‘Frontier Gandhi’ due to Khan’s commitment to non-violence and women empowerment. He initiated ‘Independent Pakhtunistan Movement’, founded ‘Khudai Khidmatgar’ (also known as Surkh Posh) with 1 lakh volunteers who pro-actively participated in freedom struggle through a non-violence campaign against English rule including protests/hartals/demonstrations.
He was the soul inspiration behind the resistance against Britishers. Khan was imprisoned due to his participation in ‘1930 Daandi March’ and later, immersed himself in social service and by heart always remained as an Indian. He died (January 20, 1988) at Peshawar, Pakistan, however was buried at Jalalabad, Afghanistan at his native place in participation of more than 2 lakh people marking their love and attachment with the ‘Grand leader’. Indian Government, in recognition of his attachment with the country, bestowed (1987) him ‘Bharat Ratna’, the highest civilian award.
Badshah Khan would always be live in the heart of Indians for his simplicity and syncretic vision.