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Dilip Kumar, Nishaan-e-Imtiaz and Fanaticism of Our Time


LAST WEEK as the veteran film star Dilip Kumar was hospitalised, I took out my notes on him and his wife, Saira Bano. I met the couple just once and that too rather briefly in the lobby of a five-star hotel in New Delhi. But soon after that encounter, I interviewed Saira Bano for a national daily. This was in the summer of 1999, in the backdrop of the major controversy erupting, with Dilip Kumar receiving the Nishaan-e-Imtiaz award from the Pakistan government. Pressure was mounting on him to return the award, with Saira Bano reacting, “Tell me, are we living in a democracy or is some sort of dictatorship going on!”

During the course of that interview, when I had pointed out to her, that several critics stated that Rabindranath Tagore had returned the title that the British had bestowed on him, and in keeping with that, Dilip Kumar could also return the award, she’d retorted, “Rabindranath Tagore returned it on his own, on a certain occasion. He wasn’t labelled anti-national, nor was he bullied and threatened. Tell me, do we now go looking for all those trophies, awards and citations that our cricketers received when they had played in Pakistan? Should we ask them to give back all those awards they’d received earlier? I’m told that even LK Advani sahib had got some citation from Pakistan…all this talk of returning awards seems petty.”

She had sounded hurt and upset by the deterioration taking place all around, “It gets very painful to see what’s been happening! How much are we going to be bullied! In fact, before this crisis, we faced the riots, just after the Babri Masjid demolition. I must say it has left me very hurt, very grieved, as though my dream has been broken, as though there’s been a crack in the glass…I feel very upset. One hopes that communalism and the rise of fascism gets controlled and common sense prevails, so that we can all co-exist in peace.”

OTHERS COULD ALSO HEAR THE ALARM BELLS!

Perhaps, one of the first to have sensed that things were not going okay was Khushwant Singh. He would repeatedly say that fascism has spread out its fangs, and its right here, reached here! He would stress on communal strife hitting in the country, reaching dangerous levels, “No, nobody could have ever imagined that fascist forces would rise and spread out in our country, as its today. Fascism well and truly crossed our threshold and dug its heels in our courtyard. We let the fanatics get away with every step they took without raising a howl of protest. They burnt books they did not like, they beat up journalists who wrote against them, they openly butchered people for believing in a different God…The carnage in Gujarat, the Mahatma’s home state, in early 2002 and the subsequent landslide victory for Narendra Modi spelt disaster for our country. The fascist agenda of Hindu fanatics is unlike anything India has experienced in its modern history.”

Khushwant was realistic and would comment along the strain, “No, I ‘m not optimistic but one should fight, one should make every single effort to save the country and openly challenge and take on these men who are destroying the country. We have to battle with them at any cost. If we love our country we have to save it from the communal forces. And though the liberal class is shrinking I do hope that the present generation totally rejects the communal and fascist polices …and realizes that these are tough times for India.”

Another writer, Mulk Raj Anand, would go the extent of saying, “What’s getting wrong with us Indians! We are becoming third class. At times I sit and wonder, are we the same people who built the Ajanta and Ellora caves! Today we have become so very destructive and there’s so much violence spread out! What’s getting wrong with us!”

ALARMING TREND!

In fact, together with the rising violence and destruction, there’s come up another trend. In several incidents of anarchy and rioting, the victims are paraded as culprits! We all saw and heard and experienced apparent glimpses of this trend when during the northeast Delhi rioting, several victims were named as the culprits. This list also carried the name of a saviour doctor of the area, Dr M A Anwer of the Al- Hind Hospital, who had saved the lives of the dying and injured yet his name was there in the police charge sheet! In fact, recent studies conducted in the area by activists and academics go to show that till date the hounding of the alive victims is on!

In fact, it would be absolutely relevant to mention here that way back in 2006, its perhaps for the first time that outrage was expressed loud and clear by several activists when blasts shook Malegaon on September 8, 2006, and not a single name of any of the Right-Wing political outfits came up. Instead, names of several Muslims came up as suspects or culprits! This overlook when significant facts stood out: Malegaon blasts took off on September 8, 2006, on the day of Shab-e-Raat, that too near a masjid, killing around 40 people, most of them Muslims. Yet the role of the Hindutva outfits, including that of the Bajrang Dal was not initially probed. This overlook when reports stated that Bajrang Dal had been training its cadres in gun shooting and also in the making of bombs. Why were the Bajrang Dal members not held responsible for the Malegaon blasts, even when strong indicators stood out? Were the Bajrang Dal members being protected by the likes of L K Advani? Not to be overlooked this significant backgrounder — When Pastor Graham Staines and his two young sons were killed, the then Home Minister, L K Advani had stated that Bajrang Dal members couldn’t be the killers. He said this even when there was evidence against them. After investigations were done, it was more than writ large the main accused in the killing of Staines and his two sons, was none other than Bajrang Dal’s Dara Singh!

Today, of course, the tragedy stands compounded as writers and commentators and journalists who write on these ground realities are getting targeted by the State machinery. There’s to be an immediate halt to this, otherwise how would any journalist function and report and put forth facts and more facts!

 These are definitely dark times. One is feeling suffocated. Helplessness and hopelessness is tightening its hold. At least, in those earlier years one could question and query, without apprehensions of the aftermath unleashed by the State machinery.

LEAVING YOU WITH THESE LINES OF SAHIR LUDHIANVI:

Here we go, stoking fire through song-laden lips

The fear of the world can never staunch the flow of our word

 In all, we have just one view, our own

Why should we see the world through someone else’s eyes

It is true we did not turn the world into a garden

But at least we lessened some thorns from the paths we travelled.

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