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Islam And Infertility

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Islam And Infertility

In this essay I will be talking about the Islamic attitudes towards

infertility treatments and explain that there are different views on

this subject and why. But because there is nothing in the Qur’an

specifically about these treatments, I will have to do some research

about it and try to get different Islamic views on this subject.

However there some teachings in the Qur’an that can help us to

understand Islamic views on these treatments. I will try to get two

different views on these treatments.

The Qur’an teaches Muslims that all life is sacred, because Allah gave

you a child, or not, and HE can take it from you if HE gave you one.

It also teaches the Muslims that life should not be destroyed, because

Allah has a plan for every thing HE does and when HE gives you a

child, HE has a plan for it. There isn’t anything in the Qur’an

specifically about the subject of infertility, but it does give advice

and examples of people who were also infertile. The first and foremost

thing is that in the Qur’an children are seen as a gift of Allah and

as a blessing. On the other hand, infertility is also seen as a gift

and a blessing and a cause of great reward either in this life or in

the after-life. There is no specific teaching in the Qur’an about

infertility treatments because at the time the Qur’an was revealed to

Muhammed (PBUH) and written, medical science and these treatments

didn’t exist. If people are childless it’s because God wanted it to be

that way. There was nothing that could be done about it and it had to

be accepted. The following sentence came from the Qur’an and shows how

it describes the reasons of Allah giving someone infertility.

“To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. HE

creates what HE wills (and plans). HE bestows (children) male and

female according to HIS will (and plan). Or HE bestows both males and

females, and HE leaves barren whom HE will: for HE is full of

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How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
“Islam And Infertility.” 02 Jun 2018

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knowledge and power.” (…The Qur’an 42.49-50)

There are different reasons why Muslims may agree with infertility

treatments. AIH (Artificial Insemination by Husband) and IVF (In-Vitro

Fertilization) is a treatment in which the fertilization of the egg

takes place in a laboratory. A couple can try this when natural means

have failed. These two methods are generally allowed to Muslims as

long as absolute security is maintained.

There are different reasons why some Muslims may disagree with

infertility treatments. One of these includes AID-(Artificial

Insemination by Donor) If a husband is sterile, another man’s sperm

from a donor bank is used to fertilize the wife’s egg. This is not

allowed to Muslims, because it involves another man and is therefore

seen as similar to the sin of adultery. Also, Muslims are worried

about the characteristics or diseases that may be inherited from an

unknown donor.

Surrogacy is another process which might be disagreed upon by some

Muslims. This is a form of parenting which happens when a woman is

paid to carry and give birth to a child on behalf of a woman unable to

become pregnant herself. The husband’s sperm will be used to fertilize

the egg of the wife or, if necessary, the egg of the other woman. It

is then transferred to the surrogate mother who agrees to hand over

the child to the parents when it is born. Some Muslims accept this

practice, although only if the man were married to both women. Others

are against it, because, it tampers with the normal processes of

nature, it encourages women to use their bodies for commercial gain

and it creates confusion as to who is the real mother and may lead to


In Islam, family life is governed by laws taken directly from the

Qur’an and the Sunnah … hence there are areas and topics where changes

in those laws cannot even be contemplated … No Muslim man is allowed

to donate sperm to a woman who is not his legal wife and no woman is

allowed to donate an egg to another woman. No child can be called

after a person unless the sperm is that of the person to whom he

belongs and he has been borne (and born) by the woman who is the legal

wife of the man concerned … If a married woman conceives using sperm

from a third party because her husband is infertile, this is adultery

… If a woman carries an embryo fertilized with the sperm and egg of

another couple, the child legally belongs to the ‘surrogate mother’.

(Statement from the Islamic Shari’ah Council of Britainpublished in

‘What does Islam say, Ibrahim Hewitt’)

If the semen of a man is placed in an artificial womb … the action is

permissible and … all orders applicable to a father and child will be

applicable to them … Making the semen of a husband reach the womb of

his wife artificially is permissible and the child thus born is like

all other children. (Articles of Islamic Acts, Imam Al-Khoei.)

So basically, there are opinions on this subject that differ but in

the end they all agree on the same thing: In Islam AIH (Artificial

Insemination by Husband) and IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization) are allowed

by the Islamic Shari’ah, because of the fact that both processes

involve the sperm and the egg of the legal parents and is carried and

born by the legal mother. But AID (Artificial Insemination by Donor)

and Surrogacy are not allowed of the Shari’ah, because they involve

the use of a third party which is considered as adultery. I believe

that this is correct because I was raised to believe this and it makes

sense to me why it’s allowed or disallowed.

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