Modern Islamic theology not only contra poses its conceptual approach to the views of the ideological leaders of Muslim radicals, but also very accurately qualifies terrorist activity from the Sharia perspective. In accordance with the prevailing position, the responsibility for terrorism is provided for in the following provisions of the Qur’an: “The recompense of those who wage war against Allah and his messenger and do mischief in the land is only that they shall be killed or crucified or their hands and their feet be cut off on the opposite sides, or be exiled from the land.” (5:33-34).
The crime mentioned here is one, the Islamic legal science considers Hirabah, which is usually translated as ‘robbery’ or ‘plunder’. It is characteristic that in Arabic the given term is a cognate of the word Harb – war. Modern Muslim scholars believe that these two concepts have something in common, that is disobeying State power, infringing on security and stability, undermining the social and economic foundations of the society, infringing on the right to freedom of movement and inciting people to feel fear for their lives and property. All this is the result of the aggressive behavior of ‘warring against Allah and his messenger’, which often contributes to massacres and the seizure of property or its destruction.
Some Muslim scholars are convinced that it is not enough to call the modern Muslim terrorists as ‘misguided’ ones or a certain group that has simply gone awry. Rather, they are criminals fighting with Allah and his messenger, and they should be held accountable by the Qur’an for their atrocities. Moreover, along with the perpetrators of such crimes, the responsibility for crimes should be shared equally among their organisers, inspirers and sponsors.