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Quranic guidelines on raising and taking care of orphans

President dr APJ Abdul Kalam interacting with Mukkam Muslim Orphanage in Kozhikode, Kerala (Courtesy MMO Website) inmates of

Eman Sakina

In Islam, orphans are to be treated with great compassion, kindness, and justice. The teachings of Islam emphasize the importance of caring for orphans and ensuring their well-being. Here are some key points on how orphans should be treated in Islam:

Kindness and Compassion

Islam teaches that orphans should be treated with the utmost kindness and compassion. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the reward for those who care for orphans:

Hadith: “The one who cares for an orphan and myself will be together in Paradise like this,” and he held his two fingers together to illustrate.

Qur’an: “And they give food in spite of love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive” (Surah Al-Insan, 76:8).

Protection of Rights

Orphans’ rights must be protected, particularly concerning their property and inheritance:

Qur’an: “And do not approach the orphan’s property except in a way that is best until he reaches maturity” (Surah Al-An’am, 6:152).

Guardians must manage the property of orphans responsibly and not exploit or misuse it.

Fair Treatment

Orphans should be treated fairly and justly, without discrimination:

Qur’an: “Indeed, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly are only consuming into their bellies fire. And they will be burned in a Blaze” (Surah An-Nisa, 4:10).

They should be treated as one would treat their children, ensuring their physical, emotional, and psychological well-being.

Education and Upbringing

Providing orphans with proper education and upbringing is crucial:

Ensuring they receive both religious and worldly education to equip them for a successful life.

Teaching them good manners, values, and principles of Islam.

Financial Support

Financially supporting orphans is an important aspect of their care:

Sponsoring an orphan can involve providing for their basic needs such as food, clothing, shelter, and education.

Many Islamic charities and organizations facilitate sponsorship programs for orphans.

Community Responsibility

The community has a responsibility towards orphans:

Establishing and supporting orphanages and care homes.

Community members should be vigilant and supportive, ensuring that orphans are not neglected or mistreated.

Integration into Society

Helping orphans integrate into society is essential and this should be done by encouraging social inclusion and participation in community activities, helping them develop self-esteem and a sense of belonging.

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Islam places a high emphasis on the compassionate and just treatment of orphans, encouraging the community to take collective responsibility for their well-being. The teachings of the Qur’an and the Hadith provide clear guidance on the rights of orphans and the duties of those who care for them.

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