Quran is the Holy Scripture rooted in history, responding to Prophet’s thoughts and actions, reacting to happenings in his life with eternal lessons and contextual in sense. It’s edicts appear to be directed at a particular culture and addressing the events occurring at that time, however, these are universal in nature and are good for all times. The story of Quran begins in Ramadan, 610 AD. when Muhammad, yet to donned with the Prophethood, was used to meditate in a cave near Mecca. On one such occasion, the angel Gabriel came to him and told him to read, Muhammad replied that he could not read. Gabriel pressed against, and said:
Read! In the name of your Lord who created:
He created man from a clinging drop.
Read! Your Lord is the Most Generous
Who taught by the pen,
Taught man what he did not know. (96:1-5)
While Muhammad, in a terrified / frightened state narrated the incident to Khadija, she assured him that nothing ill could come to him, as he was a good man, known for upholding the ties of kinship, speaking truthfully, helping the poor and destitute. This, additionally was ratified by a Christian Monk, who agreed that Muhammad was indeed become a Prophet. Allah, on occasions kept guiding / revealing the Prophet towards his onus of salvation and upliftment of the human race. Quranic messages insisting on good attributes like worship, charity, patience, justice, honesty, truthfulness ,kindness, peace etc. parse that the creator wants something different from his supreme creation i.e. the human race.
Today in multi-cultural environment, where people from various religions live in close proximity, which requires civil rights, civilization, harmony and co-existential mindset : this all is specifically highlighted in the holy ‘Quran’. The need of hour is to depart from traditional / puritanical theology and jurisprudence as the Prophet and the companions had treated the Quranic teachings in the contemporary sense. For instance, Caliphet Omar suspended punishment for threat mentioned in the Quaran during a famine. Obviously, he understood that as circumstances change, so too should our understanding of the Quran i.e. the interpretation must be contextual and with contemporary reasoning.