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Syed Fakrul Hajiya Hassan: A freedom fighter who encouraged her family to join national movement

Syed Fakrul Hajiya Hassan belonging to a family which migrated from the native place Iraq to India finally at Hyderabad, was not only a proactive freedom fighter but also persuaded/boosted her family to participate in the national movement. She accompanied her husband, Amir Hassan, high ranking officer in Hyderabad Govt. extensively travelled many places in the country. During these tours, she took keen interest in study of culture, custom and the mundane lives of Indians of different places. She learnt several languages like English, Marathi, Kannada, Gujarati, Telugu, Urdu etc. She avidly analysed the gender disparity, misery of women and rearing of a girl child, thus became sensitive towards women equality/empowerment. Hajiya burnt foreign clothes during a call to boycott foreign goods, participated in ‘Khilafat’ and ‘Non-Cooperation and extended whole hearted support to freedom fighters by providing shelter funds and other facilities. Later she along with Sarojini Naidu also worked hard for the release of Azad Hind Fauz detainees. She was esteemed by known freedom fighters Mahatma Gandhi, Nehru, Subhash Chander Bose, Abul Kalam Azad etc. who used to call her ‘Amma Jaan’. She inspired her three children to join the freedom movement. The elder one Badrul Hassan became a close disciple of Mahatma Gandhi while the second one, Zafar Hassan, also a nationalist became an educationist in Hyderabad Govt. The youngest one, Abid Hassan, a follower of Netaji Subhash Chander Bose became famous for coining the slogan ‘ Jai Hind’, a memorable anthem in the literatarature history of Indian freedom movement. Syed Fakrul Hajiya Hassan, a dedicated fighter for her mother land and for women rights, died in 1970.

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